State laws on gay adoption

Main article: LGBT parenting The existing body of research on outcomes for children with LGBT parents includes limited studies that consider the specific case of adoption. Moreover, where studies do mention adoption they often fail to distinguish between outcomes for unrelated children versus those in their original family or step-families, causing research on the more general case of LGBT parenting to be used to counter the claims of LGBT-adoption opponents. Despite the small sample, and the fact that the children have yet to become aware of their adoption status or the dynamics of gender development, the study found no significant associations between parental sexual orientation and child adjustment. In the United States, for example, legislation to prevent adoption by LGBT people has been introduced in many jurisdictions; such efforts have largely been defeated. Prior to , state courts commonly barred gay and lesbian individuals from holding a parenting role, especially through adoption.

LGBT Adoption Statistics

LGBT Adoption Laws | Gay Adoption | Same Sex Adoption

Related feature Trump plan to stop HIV epidemic targets high-infection areas There are between 2 million and 3. Several recent studies have found these kids are as happy and healthy as children raised by heterosexual parents. In , the law caught up to the scholarly consensus when the Supreme Court ruled in the landmark Obergefell v. Hodges case that same-sex couples were entitled to the same treatment as different-sex couples, including the right to marry. In a separate decision in , Pavan v. Smith , the high court clarified that this equal treatment applies to parenting, ruling that states must extend equal treatment to the issuing of two-parent birth certificates for children born to same-sex spouses. That, however, is not the current reality, the ABA asserts.

Foster and Adoption Laws

Movement Advancement Project. Some states permit state-licensed child welfare agencies to refuse to place and provide services to children and families, including LGBT people and same-sex couples, if doing so conflicts with their religious beliefs. Access to joint adoption may require being in a legally recognized relationship, such as marriage, civil union, or domestic partnership. Utah prohibits unmarried couples from fostering. Alabama, Kansas, Michigan, Mississippi, Oklahoma, North Dakota, South Carolina, South Dakota, Texas, and Virginia permit state-licensed child welfare agencies to deny foster and adoption services to youth and families.
Rather, it is influenced most profoundly by a parent's ability to create a loving and nurturing home - an ability that does not depend on whether the parent is gay or straight; There is no evidence to suggest that the children of lesbian and gay parents are less intelligent, suffer from more problems, are less popular, or have lower self-esteem than children of heterosexual parents; The children of lesbian and gay parents grow up as happy, healthy, and well-adjusted as the children of heterosexual parents. Biases were then seen against the parent in a now same-sex relationship which caused courts to not favour them in giving custody and visitation rights. The sexual preference of the LGBT parent was viewed as impacting the upbringing of the child and not the actual ability to provide for the child's needs.
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